URBRAIN consists of techniques and methods for rainwater management in the perspective of urban climate change adaptation. It provides a common approach between urban planners, civil engineers and geoscientists. So far, components of “Green Infrastructure” ("rainwater ponds", "bioswales" etc.) identified by international research projects have been studied mostly individually. There is clearly a need for a model that uses these components globally, in a system, applicable at the city scale.
Technology validated in relevant environment.
Fidelity of breadboard technology increases significantly. The basic technological components are integrated with reasonably realistic supporting elements so they can be tested in a simulated environment. Examples include “high-fidelity” laboratory integration of components.
Testing plan completed
The testing plan and the BRIGAID’s Testing Innovation Framework (TIF) has been rightly applied and finished. The TRL of the innovation has been effectively reached.
The innovation has been tested for the case study of Tineretului Neighbourhood - Bucharest. The objective of the test was to reduce more than 20% of runoff by using green infrastructure systems like rainwater ponds, bioswales, ditches planted with vegetation, etc. Also, the purpose of the test was mainly to identify which green infrastructure equipment can be more efficient in reducing runoff, on what type of site those equipments should be implemented and how many of these equipments are necessary to achieve the main objective. The mathematical model simulates the flow in the sewage system and the surface drainage of rainwater. The results identify the impact of green infrastructure solutions on the sewage system and on the local development.

How does it work?

The model can consider a mix of green infrastructural solutions and new urban planning vision for collecting runoff, applicable on any urban area. It provides details on how local authorities can reduce runoff inflow in sewerage systems by using those infrastructures and on which solutions are more efficient than others depending on the specific site. The concept of the model is the efficient use of rainwater in urban areas. Rainwater harvesting, storing and local scale use is a key aspect for the model. The benefits of URBRAIN are of social, economical and environmental nature. The model is very useful for urban planners helping them to adopt new criteria for establishing P.O.T. (the percentage of the land use) for each urban area.

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Application Framework with Drone system

System for early warning and monitoring composed by: on site sensors (e.g. along a river); an automated application framework to provide warning system features; fitted for communication with deployable system like drones that can perform a variety of monitoring tasks providing data to the application framework.
Technology validated in relevant environment.
Fidelity of breadboard technology increases significantly. The basic technological components are integrated with reasonably realistic supporting elements so they can be tested in a simulated environment. Examples include “high-fidelity” laboratory integration of components.
Testing plan completed
The testing plan and the BRIGAID’s Testing Innovation Framework (TIF) has been rightly applied and finished. The TRL of the innovation has been effectively reached.
Currently the proposed innovation is a proof of concept and it is necessary to define the IT platform with the framework able to integrate the drone/fleet of drones operations.

How does it work?

System for early warning and monitoring (in case, for example, of flood or river / sea contamination) composed by: • on site sensors (e.g. along a river); • an automated warning system; • fitted for communication with deployable system like drones that can perform a variety of monitoring tasks providing data to the DSS. The sensors aim at monitoring the river in real time, looking for readings outside normal parameters to detect problems. In case of problems, an automated warning system will ask to deployable systems fleet to inspect the affected area, taking pictures, recording videos or even deploying extra sensors (this feature will be tested by means of simulations). This makes it possible to have a complete report to be sent to the public bodies (municipality, civil protection & public safety bodies) in the required format, thus speeding up the process to solve the emergency and preventing its extension. The warning system should use different input: • sensors data (e.g. level of the river water, pH, chemical composition of the water); • calls from citizens (automated call center); • social media analysis to automatically see if anyone is talking about problems in the river.

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Tiny House B.E.S.D.®

Tiny House B.E.S.D.® is built with a safe and reliable system, which - besides the features of mobility and self-production of energy - is able to resist to extreme weather conditions such as storms, floods and earthquakes.
Technology validated in relevant environment.
Fidelity of breadboard technology increases significantly. The basic technological components are integrated with reasonably realistic supporting elements so they can be tested in a simulated environment. Examples include “high-fidelity” laboratory integration of components.
Activities of R&D are at the TRL 3, with an advanced level of design, but there is lack of validations carried out by external laboratories or authorities. In the meanwhile, from an operational point of view, the technology is at the TRL 5, with a real unit built with a like technology (same load bearing structure).

How does it work?

Tiny House B.E.S.D.® uses a new building technology, which allows the construction of houses with high flexibility and adaptability to extreme weather conditions. The house can be built on different supports such as piles, like stilt houses, wheels and energy sinks. All the building elements, both supporting and supported, are connected through mechanical systems, which allow a perfect collaboration. This makes the house waterproof and resistant to high stresses like earthquakes and waves. Moreover, thanks to its low needs and to the integration with technologies for the production and the management of energy, the house can be completely independent from the power grid, and provide by itself energy from renewable sources.

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The Toolkit Method is a GIS-based evaluation method which requires a set of inputs about the urban area which is expected to be evaluated. These inputs include: DTM, buildings & streets map, utility network map and a flooding map. The user can sketch different intervention scenarios by applying a set of tools which include general design strategies and more detailed solutions represented by specific protection measures. Each of them can be then evaluated and compared against alternatives.
Technology validated in relevant environment.
Fidelity of breadboard technology increases significantly. The basic technological components are integrated with reasonably realistic supporting elements so they can be tested in a simulated environment. Examples include “high-fidelity” laboratory integration of components.
Testing plan completed
The testing plan and the BRIGAID’s Testing Innovation Framework (TIF) has been rightly applied and finished. The TRL of the innovation has been effectively reached.
Business plan completed
The BRIGAID Business Development Programme has been successfully completed. A MAF+ assessment has been conducted and its results have been enriched and incorporated into a business plan document.
The TM methodology originates from previous design and planning experiences developed by Thetis in the context of the Venice lagoon. This approach has been already employed as a design method to define specific proposals for flood protection and general redesign of two neighborhoods in Boston and in Padua. The innovation is intended as a systematization and generalization of such a method. The plugin is currently being developed and tested in house.

How does it work?

The user must provide the system with some basic input data: DTM, buildings & streets map, utility network map, depth–area curve and a flooding map. After that she/he can implement a first protection strategy map where she/he can draw 4 basic elements: elevated perimeters, elevated areas, water receivers and water discharge system. The designed solution can be then implemented to further detail associating specific protection measures to the various elements of the protection map. Each measure contains additional parameters (costs, durability, energy consumption, etc.) which are exported in the automatically generated report containing a synthetic evaluation of the general protection solution.

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